A Comprehensive Guide: How-to grow strawberries

If you want to know about how to grow strawberries, then this article is for you. We know that the strawberry is a type of Fragaria plant and is cultivated as a fruit all over the world.

strawberry is a type of Fragaria plant and is cultivated as a fruit all over the world. This fruit, attractive in smell, color, and taste

This fruit, attractive in smell, color, and taste, is widely used in the preparation of fruit juice, jam, ice cream, milkshakes, and many other foods. Let’s learn about how to grow strawberries.

Table of Contents

1. How to grow strawberries

2. How to grow strawberries indoors

3. How to grow strawberries from seed

4. Conclusion

How to grow strawberries

As we know, usually modern methods of strawberry cultivation can be more profitable with less capital. Let’s know about it.

Soil: Strawberries are primarily a mild winter climate crop. However, some varieties are relatively heat-tolerant and can be called tropical varieties. These varieties require day and night temperatures of 20–26 degrees and 12–16 degrees Celsius, respectively.

Propagation: Strawberries are propagated by runners. Therefore, without destroying the previous year’s trees, they should be removed from the ground and planted in a lightly shaded area rich in organic matter. If the roots of the runner produced from that tree come out, it should be cut and planted in a polythene bag containing 50% dung and 50% silt. Then the seedlings should be stored in a light-shaded place in a polythene bag.

Land preparation: The land should be ploughed well, cleaned, and ploughed to a depth of 30 cm. Since the roots of the strawberry plant are above the soil, the soil should be shaken, and the fertilizer should be well mixed in the prescribed amount.

Planting: From mid-October to mid-December is the best time to grow strawberry seedlings. However, November is the most favorable month to sow strawberry seedlings. Strawberry seedlings should be planted 30 cm apart in each row after the ground has been prepared, with a 50 cm spacing between lines. The field has to have extra water drained from it after a rainstorm to prevent plant rot.

READMORE : How to plant a Bonsai tree

Fertilizers and Irrigation: Strawberries need a lot of organic fertilizers. To do this, apply 50–60 kg of urea fertilizer, 70 kg of TSP fertilizer, and 80 kg of MOP fertilizer per acre. These fertilizers should be divided into two equal parts; one part should be given one month before flowering, and the other part should be given at the time of flowering. Irrigation should be done 2-3 days after fruiting.

Care: Strawberry plants require extra attention. Many runners or little creepers emerge from the base of the tree when it is planted. They envelop the terrain. It produces poor results. To prevent these creepers from emerging, lay straw or polythene at the base of the tree. Once the polythene seat is 30 cm in length, drill rounded holes and manually insert the strawberry bush. It is possible to get early fruiting and a larger yield by spraying hormones on the leaves.

Harvesting: When the unripe fruit starts to turn yellow or red in color, then it can be understood that the fruit has started to ripen. The fruit turns red when it is fully ripe. However, the fruit does not need to be fully red for sale. In that case, the fruits should be picked when they are still firm. And the fruit must be picked with the pods. Later, it should be marketed in paper packets.

A polythene canopy should be provided over the saplings to protect them from excess rain. The yield potential of strawberries gradually decreases when propagated through runners. Therefore, it is better to use seedlings produced through tissue culture to maintain the yield potential of the variety.

How to grow strawberries indoors

We know that strawberries are rich in vitamins A, C, folate, phosphorus, and manganese. Eating three to four strawberries throughout the day will make up for the lack of vitamin C. Another benefit of strawberries is that eating them will improve the health of your teeth and bones.

Strawberries are good for high blood pressure and heart patients as they contain almost no sodium. That fruit will help prevent high blood pressure. The material in strawberries protects the heart from harmful cholesterol. Let’s know how to grow strawberries indoors.

Usually, November is the right time to plant strawberry seedlings. There are two types of methods for planting strawberry seedlings: vegetative propagation and seedlings from seeds, but the easiest method is vegetative propagation. It is possible to grow numerous strawberry seedlings from one strawberry seedling. This is an easy method for those who want to grow strawberries in tubs in rooftop gardens. Let’s learn how to grow strawberries in a pot.

To plant strawberry plants in pots, the soil must be prepared first. For soil preparation, mix 70% normal soil with 20% compost and 10% sand. After preparing the soil in this way, the seedlings should be planted in the container. Basically, strawberry plants grow in all types of soil. It does not require much soil preparation, especially for this. But for a good yield, it is necessary to prepare the soil. A little water should be given after planting the seedlings. Basically, strawberry plants do not need much water. Good results can be expected within two months with daily care.

How to grow strawberries from seed

To grow strawberry seedlings from seeds, first of all, ripe strawberry fruits should be collected from the market. Basically, when the seeds turn black on the surface of the strawberry fruit, it can be understood that the strawberry is fully ripe.

Therefore, for the production of strawberry seedlings, black seeds attached to the strawberry fruit must be collected. First, cut the strawberry fruit and wash it in water. The seeds will be separated from the strawberry after washing. After separating the seeds, the seeds should be placed on tissue paper and lightly sprayed with water.

The seeds kept in tissue paper should be collected in polythene. It will produce seedlings from seeds in five to 11 days. The newly produced seedlings should be transplanted into the ground. Soil preparation methods for strawberry seedlings are mentioned above in this article. After making seedlings from seeds, the seedlings should be transplanted from small pots to larger pots and cared for regularly.

Conclusion

Basically, strawberries are a very nutritious fruit. There are vitamins A, C, E, folic acid, selenium, calcium, polyphenols, ellagic acid, ferulic acid, couric acid, quercetin, xanthomycin, and phytosterols. Strawberries are a fruit that can be grown both indoors and outdoors. Currently, strawberry cultivation is very popular, and it is possible to improve financially. Many people grow strawberries on the roof as a hobby. Basically, strawberry farming is very profitable.. Let’s learn about how to grow strawberries.

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